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Leviticus 23:1-22; Holy Time; The Spring Feasts

02/26 Leviticus 23:1-22; Holy Time – the Spring Feasts; Audio available at: http://www.ephraimbible.org/Sermons/20170226_leviticus-23_1-22.mp3

We are in the second section of Leviticus, the section that deals with the holiness of God’s forgiven people. We see in chapters 17-27 that for those who have been forgiven by God by means of sacrifice, for those who are now in a relationship with God, all of life becomes holy. Chapters 21 and 22 addressed holy people, instructions for those God set apart to be his priests. Here in chapter 23, God addresses holy time; there are days and seasons that God has set apart to communicate truth, to remind us to look back on his past faithfulness, to point us forward to the promise of his future grace, to make space in our schedules to reflect, to focus our attention on him.

All the way back in Genesis 1, at creation, God said:

Genesis 1:14 And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons [mow`ed], and for days and years,

The word for ‘seasons’ [mow`ed], shows up 6 times in Leviticus 23, translated here as ‘appointed feasts’. This word is used many times in Leviticus to refer to the tent of meeting. It refers to an appointment, an assembly, a place of meeting. In Leviticus 23 it is pointing to an appointed meeting time. We also find the phrase ‘holy convocations’ [miqra’ qodesh] 11 times in this chapter; a convocation is a summons or a calling out, a public meeting, reading or rehearsal. 5 times we see the word translated ‘a day of solemn rest’. 10 times the phrase ‘you shall do no work’.

This chapter deals with holy time, time set apart to the LORD, time to cease from the routine, time to rest and reflect, time to gather, to assemble together to remember together.

Outline

1-8 Sabbath, Passover, Unleavened Bread

1-2 intro

3 weekly Sabbath – solemn rest; holy convocation; no work

4-8 Passover and Unleavened Bread

1st day – holy convocation; no ordinary work

7th day – holy convocation; no ordinary work

9-22 Firstfruits and Weeks

9-14 Feast of Firstfruits

15-22 Feast of Weeks [Harvest, Pentecost] – holy convocation; no ordinary work

23-25 Trumpets – solemn rest; memorial; holy convocation; no ordinary work

26-32 Day of Atonement – holy convocation; no work; sabbath of solemn rest

33-44 Booths [Ingathering, Tabernacles]

1st day – holy convocation; no ordinary work; solemn rest

8th day – holy convocation, solemn assembly; no ordinary work; solemn rest

This chapter breaks into two main sections; 1-22, and 23-44; each major section concluding with the phrase “I am YHWH your God.” It further breaks down into five sections, beginning in verses 1, 9, 23, 26, and 33; each beginning with the declaration “the LORD spoke to Moses, saying…” The first section is a reminder of the weekly Sabbath, and gives instructions on the Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread. The second section addresses the presentation of the Firstfruits during the feast of Unleavened Bread, and the presentation of firstfruits seven weeks or 50 days later. The second half of the chapter deals with the feast of Trumpets, the Day of Atonement, and the Feast of Booths. The first major section, verses 1-22, deal with the Spring Festivals; the second major section deals with the Fall Festivals.

There are seven holy convocations in addition to the weekly Sabbath; four of these are specified as days of solemn rest.

Three of these, The Feast of Unleavened bread, The Feast of Weeks or Harvest, and the Feast of Booths or Ingathering were to be pilgrim festivals.

Deuteronomy 16:16 “Three times a year all your males shall appear before the LORD your God at the place that he will choose: at the Feast of Unleavened Bread, at the Feast of Weeks, and at the Feast of Booths. They shall not appear before the LORD empty-handed. (cf. Exodus 23:14-17; 34:18-23)

At these three, every male was to come up to the temple.

Weekly Sabbaths

Leviticus 23:1 The LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, These are the appointed feasts of the LORD that you shall proclaim as holy convocations; they are my appointed feasts. 3 “Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work. It is a Sabbath to the LORD in all your dwelling places.

This is a reminder of the fourth commandment, that as God created all things in six days and then rested to enjoy what he had made, so we are to labor for six days and rest for one. At the beginning of a chapter addressing annual holy days of rest and worship, there is a reminder of the weekly cycle of work and rest. The other feasts are founded on this basic cycle of work and rest. Many of the feasts take on the characteristics of a weekly Sabbath, even if they do not fall on a Saturday. The Sabbath is a solemn day of rest, a holy convocation, a Sabbath to the LORD. Every moment of time is a gift. Some time is to be set aside to enjoy sweet fellowship with our Creator. These sacred times of rest are to be Godward rest, Sabbaths to the LORD. They are to be pervasive. In all your dwelling places, wherever you are, there is to be time set aside for devotion to the LORD.

Passover and Unleavened Bread

Leviticus 23:4 “These are the appointed feasts of the LORD, the holy convocations, which you shall proclaim at the time appointed for them. 5 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight, is the LORD’s Passover. 6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the LORD; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7 On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work. 8 But you shall present a food offering to the LORD for seven days. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.”

This is a very brief summary of the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The origin of these celebrations comes from Exodus 12-13, where God took his people out of slavery in Egypt. A Passover lamb was sacrificed in place of the firstborn son in each home, and the blood was applied to the door to protect those inside from the destroyer. Exodus 12:2 states that at the Exodus, the Lord changed this month, the month of Abib (or Nisan) to be the first month of the year for them. This was the birth of the nation of Israel. “Out of Egypt I called my son” (Hos.11:1; Mt.2:15).

Notice, at twilight on the 14th day the Passover was celebrated. On the following day, the 15th, began the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The leaven was removed on the first day of the Feast, on the day after the Passover was sacrificed. No leaven was to be used for the duration of the feast. The first day and the seventh day of the feast were to be holy convocations.

Firstfruits

Leviticus 23:9 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying, 10 “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When you come into the land that I give you and reap its harvest, you shall bring the sheaf of the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest, 11 and he shall wave the sheaf before the LORD, so that you may be accepted. On the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12 And on the day when you wave the sheaf, you shall offer a male lamb a year old without blemish as a burnt offering to the LORD. 13 And the grain offering with it shall be two tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil, a food offering to the LORD with a pleasing aroma, and the drink offering with it shall be of wine, a fourth of a hin. 14 And you shall eat neither bread nor grain parched or fresh until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your God: it is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.

There is some debate as to exactly when the firstfruits was presented. Most likely, it was on the day after the Sabbath during the feast of Unleavened Bread. So if Passover fell on Friday, then the Sabbath, Saturday, would be the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. On Sunday, the day after the Sabbath, the Firstfruits would be presented. This would be the first barley harvest, in March or April. Nothing of the new harvest was to be eaten until this presentation of the Firstfruits was made to the LORD. This was a very tangible reminder that everything belonged to the LORD, and every good thing came from him. The Firstfruits was the first portion of the new spring harvest, a promise of more of the harvest to come.

Weeks [Harvest, Pentecost]

Leviticus 23:15 “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering. 16 You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the LORD. 17 You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as firstfruits to the LORD. 18 And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the LORD, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the LORD. 19 And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the LORD, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the LORD for the priest. 21 And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.

The Feast of Weeks was calculated 7 weeks or 50 days after the Sunday of Firstfruits. This would fall on a Sunday in late May or early June, and coincide with the firstfruits of the wheat harvest. This is the only feast where leavened bread was permitted. Jewish tradition connects this feast to the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai, 50 days after the Exodus from Egypt.

Pointing Back and Forward

These feasts would be annual reminders that God is the source of every good thing. This year, we are again dependent on God’s provision for our needs. It is he that causes crops to grow. These feasts would also be memorials of God’s past faithfulness. God decisively delivered his people out of bondage and into relationship with him. He faithfully provided bread from heaven throughout the wilderness wanderings, even in the midst of the disobedience and grumbling of the people. When Israel entered the promised land, they enjoyed the produce from a land they had not worked. Feasts are memorials of God’s past and present faithfulness. But there is a future aspect to these feasts. They were pointers to something to come. Just as we have seen that the Levitical sacrificial system was a shadow of good things to come, pointing to Jesus, so the calendar of feasts was a shadow, drawing our attention to the fulfillment in Jesus.

When John saw Jesus approaching, he cried out

John 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!

Paul says in 1 Corinthians 5

1 Corinthians 5:7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

Jesus Christ is our Passover Lamb. Jesus was crucified on Passover. It is important to remember that the sacrifice was killed before the leaven was cleansed. Leaven is a symbol of sin.

1 Corinthians 5:8 Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

We do not attempt to clean ourselves up in order to be rescued by Jesus. We begin to cleanse out the old leaven becaus Christ our Passover Lamb has been sacrificed. Sin has been put away by his crucifixion (Heb.9:26). “…the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all” (Is.53:6). Jesus’ body rested in the grave on the first day of the feast of unleavened bread. But on the day after the Sabbath, on Sunday Morning, he was presented alive!

1 Corinthians 15:20 But in fact Christ has been raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep.

On the day the first of the barley harvest was presented to the Priests in the temple, Jesus presented himself alive. Over the next 40 days, he presented himself alive to many witnesses. After 40 days, he ascended to the right hand of his Father in heaven. And ten days later, 50 days after his resurrection,

Acts 2:1 When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3 And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.

On the feast of Weeks, when the Firstfruits of the wheat harvest were presented in the temple, the Lord poured out his Spirit on his followers, and the church was born. On the day commemorating the giving of the Law on Sinai, the Spirit was given to the believers gathered in Jerusalem, the fulfillment of the New Covenant promises.

We may wonder why the section from chapter 19 on regulations for harvesting is appended again here in Leviticus 23.

Leviticus 23:22 “And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the LORD your God.”

But it seems appropriate that in the context of the church, where Jew and Gentile are united in one body through the gospel, there would be some mention of blessings extended to the foreigners, the outsiders.

Leaven

It is interesting to remember that Pentecost, the Feast of Weeks, was the one feast where leavened bread was permitted. Leaven puffs up, picturing pride, and as such it was not permitted on the altar. In Matthew 13, Jesus told a series of parables describing what the kingdom would be like. He compared it to a man who sowed good seed in his field, but while his servants were sleeping an enemy sowed weeds among the wheat. Both were allowed to grow together until the harvest. He likened it to a mustard seed which grew abnormally large and provided a refuge for the evil birds of the air. Then he compared it to leaven that a woman hid in three measures of flour. He compared it to a field which was purchased in order to obtain the treasure hidden there. He compared it to a net which gathered fish of every kind, later to be sorted out, good from bad. Jesus taught that the kingdom of heaven is a mixed bag. There would be the good, genuine wheat, good fish, a treasure; but there would be also bad, weeds, bad fish, room even for the agents of the evil one to be at home within its expanding branches. Jesus taught that these would be allowed to grow together, but they would be sorted out at the end of the age. Jesus is telling us tha the church is leavened. It is mixed. There is good together with the bad. There will be true believers, and there will be false professors. Among Jesus’ own twelve, there was a Judas. It is not our job to sort them all out. Jesus is fully capable of doing that. It is our job to ‘examine yourselves to see whether you are in the faith’ (2Cor.13:5); and to ‘keep a close watch on yourself and on the teaching‘ (1Tim.4:16). It is our job to ‘strive for peace with everyone, and for the holiness without which no one will see the Lord’ (Heb.12:14). It is our job to live in such a way ‘that they may see your good works and give glory to your Father who is in heaven’ (Mt.5:16). It is even our job to ‘purge the evil person from among you’ (1Cor.5:12). It is our job to ‘pray earnestly to the Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into his harvest’ (Mt.9:38). And to trust the Lord that even some who smell a lot like bad fish would experience the transformational work of the Spirit and become new creations before the end. Among Jesus’ disciples there was also a Peter, who was told ‘get behind me Satan’ (Mt.16:23); who denied Jesus 3 times, who went on tobe restored, and to ‘feed my sheep’ (Jn.21:17).

Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org

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March 1, 2017 Posted by | Leviticus, podcast | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

1 Corinthians 5:6-8; Celebrate the Festival

09/15 1 Corinthians 5:6-8 Celebrate the Festival; Audio available at: http://www.ephraimbible.org/Sermons/20130915_1cor5_6-8.mp3

1Cor 5 [SBLGNT]

6 Οὐ καλὸν τὸ καύχημα ὑμῶν. οὐκ οἴδατε ὅτι μικρὰ ζύμη ὅλον τὸ φύραμα ζυμοῖ; 7 ἐκκαθάρατε τὴν παλαιὰν ζύμην, ἵνα ἦτε νέον φύραμα, καθώς ἐστε ἄζυμοι. καὶ γὰρ τὸ πάσχα ἡμῶν ἐτύθη Χριστός· 8 ὥστε ἑορτάζωμεν, μὴ ἐν ζύμῃ παλαιᾷ μηδὲ ἐν ζύμῃ κακίας καὶ πονηρίας, ἀλλ’ ἐν ἀζύμοις εἰλικρινείας καὶ ἀληθείας.

1Cor 5 [ESV2011]

5:1 It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and of a kind that is not tolerated even among pagans, for a man has his father’s wife. 2 And you are arrogant! Ought you not rather to mourn? Let him who has done this be removed from among you. 3 For though absent in body, I am present in spirit; and as if present, I have already pronounced judgment on the one who did such a thing. 4 When you are assembled in the name of the Lord Jesus and my spirit is present, with the power of our Lord Jesus, 5 you are to deliver this man to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, so that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord.

6 Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? 7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. 8 Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

The church in Corinth had a problem. They had a problem with being puffed up. They had a problem with pride. Paul takes a sharp needle and applies it to their over-inflated balloon in order to bring them back to a humility appropriate to those who are only sinners saved by God’s grace through the cross of our Lord Jesus.

6 out of the 7 times that the word ‘puffed up’ or ‘arrogant’ appears in the New Testament, it is in 1 Corinthians. In 4:6 he tells them that they need to learn “not to go beyond what is written, that none of you may be puffed up in favor of one against another.” In 4:18-19 he says that some are arrogant or puffed up, as though I were not coming to you, but he warns that he will come and find out not the talk of these puffed up people, but their power. In verse 2 of this chapter, he says that they are puffed up when they ought rather to be mourning. In chapter 8, he says that knowledge puffs up, but love builds up. In chapter 13 he says that love does not envy or boast, and it is not puffed up. They have an over-inflated view of themselves.

He repeatedly addresses boasting in this letter. In chapter 1, he reminds them that God chose to save in such a way “so that no human being might boast in the presence of God.” He quotes the Scripture “let the one who boasts, boast in the Lord.” He concludes in chapter 3 “so let no one boast in men.” In chapter 4, he asks “what do you have that you did not receive? If then you received it why do you boast as if you did not receive it?” In this passage he starts out by saying “your boasting is not good.” The Corinthians had a problem with pride, with being puffed up, with boasting.

In the first verses of this chapter, he applies the sharp point of glaring evidence to burst their over-inflated balloon. They, who claim to be so wise and strong and spiritual and mature, are tolerating a form of sexual immorality in the church that is not even tolerated among unbelievers. The church of Jesus Christ must have higher standards of morality than the world, not lower.

They are arrogant when they ought to be grieving. Their boasting is not good. They may have been flaunting this immoral person as an example of their so-called freedom in Christ. More likely, they were aware of the issue, but simply chose to look the other way and pretend that this sin did not affect them. They took an individualistic attitude toward spirituality; as if it were every man for himself. They may have even been boasting that they were not like this sinner.

Do You Not Know?

Paul rebukes their pride head on, and asks them an insulting question. This is the second of ten such questions we find in 1 Corinthians. To ask someone who claims to be wise and advanced and super-spiritual ‘do you not know?’ is a blow to the ego. You think you are so wise; you are self-deceived. Let me bring you back to the basics. There are some really simple things you ought to know, but the evidence of your actions reveals that you are ignorant of these basic truths. Do you not know?

A little leaven leavens the whole lump. This is a proverbial principle. We might say ‘one bad apple spoils the whole bunch’. Paul is pointing out the organic unity and interconnectedness of the church body. You all are one lump of dough. Because of our connection with Christ, we are connected with one another. We have been kneaded together through trials into a single indivisible whole. Each piece of dough is organically connected with the whole, and affected by the whole. The sin of one will infect or taint all the rest.

Jesus told his disciples to ‘watch out and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees’ (Mt.16:6). “They understood that he did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees” (Mt.16:12) “which is hypocrisy” (Lk.12:1).

Leaven in that day was a starter of dough that already contained living organisms which feed on the sugars and release carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide is trapped inside the dough which causes the dough to rise or become inflated or puffed up. Once leaven is introduced into a lump of dough, it will quickly permeate the entire batch of dough. A tiny piece of this leavened dough can be broken off and used to leaven other batches of dough. The smallest amount of leaven can affect a huge amount of dough. Leaven in the bible is used as an illustration of sin. Because the body of Christ is bound together in unity, the church cannot claim to be spiritually advanced when evil is tolerated among them. Don’t think that because you are not personally involved, you are innocent. There is corporate identity and corporate guilt. That is why Paul does not address the sinner. He addresses the group of believers and calls for them to take action.

Elsewhere he uses the illustration of the church as a body. If one part of the body is infected, the whole body is at risk. Sometimes desperate measures are necessary to curb the spread of the cancer. But you don’t go around haphazardly lopping off limbs. That is a last resort when every other kind of healing rescue has failed.

Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread

What Paul has in mind here is the feast of unleavened bread that began with the passover celebration. Listen to God’s instructions from Exodus 12.

Exodus 12:15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day you shall hold a holy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you. 17 And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day, throughout your generations, as a statute forever. 18 In the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty-first day of the month at evening. 19 For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses. If anyone eats what is leavened, that person will be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a sojourner or a native of the land. 20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwelling places you shall eat unleavened bread.”

And Exodus 13.

Exodus 13:6 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the LORD. 7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days; no leavened bread shall be seen with you, and no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory. 8 You shall tell your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ (cf. Deuteronomy 16)

This was a celebration memorializing what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt. God’s people were slaves, cruelly oppressed. God was about to unleash his wrath against all the unbelievers who were mistreating his people and set his people free by a mighty deliverance. A lamb without blemish was to be slaughtered for each household, in place of the firstborn son. Its blood was applied to the door of the house as an indication that those inside were followers of God, obeying his instructions, covered by the blood. All leaven was to be removed from the house, and the passover lamb eaten with a hasty meal of unleavened bread and bitter herbs. There was not to be a trace of puffed up pride, because salvation is completely from the Lord. ‘It is because of what the LORD did for me’.

Be Who You Are

1 Corinthians 5:6 Your boasting is not good. Do you not know that a little leaven leavens the whole lump? 7 Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. 8 Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

Paul instructs the church in Corinth to cleanse out the old leaven. This is the third of four commands to expel the unrepentant sinner from the church; (v.1) let him who has done this be removed from among you, (v.5) deliver this man to Satan, (v.7) cleanse out the old leaven, (v.13) purge the evil from among you. There is sin that is contaminating the purity of the church, and they must deal with it. Remember, this was an ongoing public issue where there was no repentance. Jesus said “let him who is without sin among you be the first to throw a stone at her” (Jn.8:7). All of us are sinners, forgiven by the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ. We must not be quick to cast stones. But when someone is presuming on God’s grace and willfully continuing in sin that grace may increase, we are to defend the honor of Christ and the purity of his bride the church.

It is in the middle of this difficult context that we have one of the most beautiful pictures of Jesus. This is an amazing statement. “Cleanse out the old leaven that you may be a new lump, as you really are unleavened. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.” Paul is reminding the church in Corinth who they are in Christ. He is admonishing them to be who they are in Christ Jesus. He says ‘as you really are unleavened’. There is leaven of a horrific kind in this church, a kind not even tolerated among unbelievers; they are commanded to cleanse out the old leaven. But he says ‘as you really are unleavened’. They are not acting in harmony with who they are in Christ. In Christ, they are unleavened. In Christ, their sin is gone, as far as the east is from the west, remembered no more. He began this letter addressing them as “the church of God that is in Corinth, to those sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints” (1:2). He gives thanks for the faithfulness of God, “who will sustain you to the end, guiltless in the day of our Lord Jesus Christ” (1:8). In they eyes of God they are justified, declared righteous, unleavened, sanctified, guiltless, because Christ, our Passover, has been sacrificed. In Egypt, the lamb died in place of the son. Its blood covered the family. John saw Jesus and said:

John 1:29 The next day he saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!

This is the ground, the basis for the command. This is not the goal of the command. It does not say ‘cleanse out the old leaven so that you will be worthy of the sacrifice of Christ’. What it does say is ‘cleanse out the old leaven because Christ has been sacrificed once for all and you are unleavened’. Be who you already are in Christ. Let your conduct come into harmony with who you are. The Messiah, Jesus, is our passover lamb, our substitute. We are covered by his blood. All who come under the protection of his blood, no matter what they have done, are safe. “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved”(Acts 16:31).

We often live in an incongruity. Our action does not match our identity. Paul deals with this in Romans 6. In outrage he asks:

Romans 6:2 …How can we who died to sin still live in it? 3 Do you not know that all of us who have been baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? 4 We were buried therefore with him by baptism into death, in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, we too might walk in newness of life.

With Christ we died to sin. With him we are raised to new life. He goes on with some practical instruction to be who we are:

Romans 6:13 Do not present your members to sin as instruments for unrighteousness, but present yourselves to God as those who have been brought from death to life, and your members to God as instruments for righteousness. 14 For sin will have no dominion over you, since you are not under law but under grace.

You are under grace, you are not getting what you deserve, you have been set free from sin, you have been given new life. Now be who you are! The Christian life must be centered around the cross. The life of the church must keep the message of Christ crucified at center stage. Pursue the purity of the church, because Christ our passover has been sacrificed and he has made us pure.

Let Us Feast!

8 Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

What must our response be to the awesome liberating truth of the Lamb of God who takes away our sin? Feast! Therefore keep on feasting! Celebrate the festival. Go on feasting. As we feast, we are to put aside the old leaven, leaven of badness and depravity. Instead we are to feast in unleavened clarity and transparency, with unleavened truth. We are to feast. The Christian life is to be a feast, a celebration. There are times for mourning and grief, grief over sin and decisive action to put away sin as Paul instructs in this passage, but the Christian life is to be characterized by joy. We are invited to a feast. With what is the table set? Keep in mind that we are talking about the passover. Christ our passover has once for all been sacrificed. We are invited to feast on the Passover Lamb. We are to feast on Jesus, to feed on Jesus, be nourished and strengthened by Jesus, to be sustained by Jesus, to let him meet our every need and satisfy our every longing. With transparency and truth, we are to come to the cross of our Lord Jesus and find in him everything our souls long for.

December 2, 1855, C.H. Spurgeon preached on this passage. He said:

“But when the Christian gets the blood sprinkled, that is not all he wants. He wants something to feed upon. And, O sweet thought! Jesus Christ is not only a Saviour for sinners, but he is food for them after they are saved. The Paschal Lamb by faith we eat. We live on it. You may tell, my hearers, whether you have the blood sprinkled on the door by this: do you eat the Lamb? …What the Christian lives on is not Christ’s righteousness, but Christ; he does not live on Christ’s pardon, but on Christ; and on Christ he lives daily, on nearness to Christ. Oh! I do love Christ- preaching. It is not the doctrine of justification that does my heart good, it is Christ, the justifier; it is not pardon that so much makes the Christian’s heart rejoice, it is Christ the pardoner; it is not election that I love half so much as my being chosen in Christ ere worlds began; ay! it is not final perseverance that I love so much as the thought that in Christ my life is hid, and that since he gives unto his sheep eternal life, they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of his hand. Take care, Christian, to eat the Paschal Lamb and nothing else. I tell thee man, if thou eatest that alone, it will be like bread to thee—thy soul’s best food. If thou livest on aught else but the Saviour, thou art like one who seeks to live on some weed that grows in the desert, instead of eating the manna that comes down from heaven. Jesus is the manna. In Jesus as well as by Jesus we live.” [C.H. Spurgeon, Christ Our Passover A Sermon (No. 54) Delivered on Sabbath Evening, December 2, 1855]

Christ our Passover has been sacrificed; so then, let us feast on him!

Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org

September 15, 2013 Posted by | 1 Corinthians, podcast | , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Exodus 12; The Passover – Behold The Lamb!

http://www.ephraimbible.org/Sermons/20101212_exodus_12.mp3

12/12 Exodus 12 Behold The Lamb!

Introduction

Behold the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!” These are the words John used to introduce the Messiah when he made himself known to the world. As we celebrate the birth of the Christ-child, it is appropriate that we reflect on why it was that he was born. The prime reason for the incarnation – infinite God became mortal man – was to be our sin-bearing substitute.

Last time we looked at the institution of the Passover celebration – that it was a forward-looking feast, to be celebrated throughout all generations as a means of passing on the memory of God’s might acts of deliverance and judgment. All future generations were to personally participate in the feast and experience God’s presence for themselves; I am to remember the great things the LORD did for me; how he brought me out of slavery and into his service.

Today I want to look at the fullness and fulfillment of the passover celebration. As a forward-looking feast, what does it look forward to? Last time we hinted at the answer, when we saw that the final celebration of passover recorded in detail in the bible was the passover that Jesus earnestly desired to eat with his disciples. We saw that Jesus transformed this feast by revealing that it was all about him. “Take, eat; this is my body. …Drink of it all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins.” (Matthew 26:26-28).

Paul said:

1 Corinthians 5:7 … For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. 8 Let us therefore celebrate the festival, not with the old leaven, the leaven of malice and evil, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth.

Every detail, every part of the passover lamb points to Jesus. The sharing of the lamb, the specifications of the lamb, the inspection of the lamb, the slaughter and the application of the blood, the consumption of the lamb, the protection provided all point to Jesus, ‘the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world’, to ‘Christ our Passover lamb’ who has been sacrificed. Today I want to look at these seven aspects of the Passover celebration as pointers to Jesus.

 

The Sharing of the Lamb

First of all, the lamb was to be shared.

Exodus 12:3 …every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb.

Josephus tells us that a lamb would typically feed about 14 people. Preparation was to be made to share this feast with the family first, and then neighbors were to be invited. Now when we are preparing for a Thanksgiving day meal, we usually look at how many mouths we will be feeding, and then we buy the right size turkey to feed everyone. The size of the gathering determines the size of the bird. Here, the lamb is the defining factor. The lamb was to define the number of people invited to the feast.

Jesus said:

Matthew 11:28 Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

Mark 10:45 For even the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.”

John 6:35 Jesus said to them, “I am the bread of life; whoever comes to me shall not hunger, and whoever believes in me shall never thirst. …37 All that the Father gives me will come to me, and whoever comes to me I will never cast out. …54 Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day.

The lamb was to be shared – shared among family and neighbors. There was to be fellowship around the lamb. And there were to be no left-overs. We will talk more about this when we come to the consumption of the lamb.

 

The Specifications of the Lamb

The lamb selected to be the sacrifice was to be a male in the prime of life and without blemish.

Exodus 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats,

Jesus met all the requirements perfectly. He was in the prime of life, a male, and without blemish. People were coming to his cousin John confessing their sins and being baptized by him.

Matthew 3:13 Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. 14 John would have prevented him, saying, “I need to be baptized by you, and do you come to me?”

John recognized that Jesus had no sin to confess. John confessed that he was not even worthy to take the sandals off Jesus’ feet.

The author of Hebrews says:

Hebrews 4:15 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin.

Hebrews 9:14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who … offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.

Paul says:

2 Corinthians 5:21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.

Peter says;

1 Peter 1:18 knowing that you were ransomed … not with perishable things such as silver or gold, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot.

1 Peter 2:22 He committed no sin, neither was deceit found in his mouth.

The Apostle John says:

1 John 3:5 You know that he appeared to take away sins, and in him there is no sin.

Jesus was the perfect spotless Lamb of God.

The Inspection of the Lamb

To ensure that the lamb was without blemish, it was to be kept in the house for four days to be monitored and inspected.

Exodus 12:6 and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, …

Jesus was observed, examined, scrutinized throughout his life. At the beginning of his public ministry, he was tempted by Satan:

Matthew 4:1 Then Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. 2 And after fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. 3 And the tempter came… 10 Then Jesus said to him, “Be gone, Satan! For it is written, “‘You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.”’ 11 Then the devil left him, and behold, angels came and were ministering to him.

The last four days of Jesus’ life he was intensely scrutinized by the Scribes and Chief Priests and Elders, the Sadducees, Pharisees and Herodians. They purposely attempted to set him up, trip him up and catch him in a fault.

Luke 20:20 So they watched him and sent spies, who pretended to be sincere, that they might catch him in something he said, so as to deliver him up to the authority and jurisdiction of the governor. 21 So they asked him, “Teacher, we know that you speak and teach rightly, and show no partiality, but truly teach the way of God. …26 And they were not able in the presence of the people to catch him in what he said, but marveling at his answer they became silent. … 39 Then some of the scribes answered, “Teacher, you have spoken well.” 40 For they no longer dared to ask him any question.

Those that most wanted to destroy his credibility were amazed and silenced by his spotless integrity. When they arrested him, they could not even bring one accusation that would stand up in court.

Mark 14:56 For many bore false witness against him, but their testimony did not agree. 57 And some stood up and bore false witness against him,… 59 Yet even about this their testimony did not agree.

When he was brought to trial, Pilate three times publicly attested to his innocence.

Luke 23:4 Then Pilate said to the chief priests and the crowds, “I find no guilt in this man.” …14 and said to them, “You brought me this man as one who was misleading the people. And after examining him before you, behold, I did not find this man guilty of any of your charges against him. 15 Neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us. Look, nothing deserving death has been done by him. 16 I will therefore punish and release him.” …22 A third time he said to them, “Why, what evil has he done? I have found in him no guilt deserving death. I will therefore punish and release him.”

Even the thief who was crucified along side Jesus declared his blamelessness:

Luke 23:40 But the other rebuked him, saying, “Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed justly, for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong.”

The Centurion who oversaw the crucifixion declared his innocence.

Luke 23:47 Now when the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God, saying, “Certainly this man was innocent!”

God himself on two separate occasions attested to the blameless character of his Son.

Matthew 3:17 and behold, a voice from heaven said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased.”

Matthew 17:5 He was still speaking when, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them, and a voice from the cloud said, “This is my beloved Son, with whom I am well pleased; listen to him.”

Jesus, the spotless Lamb of God, was inspected thoroughly by God, by Satan, by his friends and by his fiercest enemies, and he perfectly passed the test.

The Slaughter of the Lamb

So the perfect lamb was to be killed. The whole point of the careful inspection was to ensure that the lamb was adequately qualified to serve as a substitutionary sacrifice.

Exodus 12:6…when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight.

Death of the victim was required. It was not enough that the lamb was perfect; it had to be killed.

Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin is death,…

Romans 3:23 for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,

Romans 1:18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth.

Romans 2:5 But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God‘s righteous judgment will be revealed.

God is just. He is holy and righteous. Sin must be punished. The wages of sin is death. But God is merciful. He has provided a substitute.

Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. 7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth; like a lamb that is led to the slaughter, and like a sheep that before its shearers is silent, so he opened not his mouth.

1 Corinthians 5:7 … For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed.

2 Corinthians 5:21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, …

1 Peter 2:24 He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree,…

The Application of the Blood of the Lamb

The wages of sin is death. The lamb was killed and righteous blood was shed, but that was not enough. The blood must be applied.

Exodus 12:7 “Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it.

Exodus 12:22 Take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin…

Why? Why put blood on your door frame? That sounds messy and it would be hard to clean up. Your door is your interface with the outside world. We decorate our doors with thing like ‘welcome’ or ‘bless this house’ or ‘no soliciting’; ‘insured by Smith & Wesson’ or ‘beware of cat’. We may hang our family name over the door to display our identity. What we put on our door says something about the person who lives there. Splattering blood on the door frame was not something Moses or Aaron or the Israelites came up with. ‘Honey, I was just coming home from the grocery store and noticed that Mr. Schwartskopf killed a lamb and smeared blood all over their door. It just looks so… cozy and inviting. Do you think we could afford to do that to our door too?’ No, God instructed the Israelites to do this. God had threatened every firstborn son with death, and promised protection if they would put the blood of a perfect lamb on their door. This was an act of obedience, an outward expression of trust in the word of God. This was an act of faith – believing they were in danger; believing that God has the right to execute judgment on sinners; believing there was a way to be protected from the coming danger. This is taking God at his word.

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. …18 Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only Son of God.

John 3:36 Whoever believes in the Son has eternal life; whoever does not obey the Son shall not see life, but the wrath of God remains on him.

Acts 13:38 Let it be known to you therefore, brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you, and by him everyone who believes is freed from everything 39 from which you could not be freed by the law of Moses.

John 1:12 But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God,

Friend, have you obeyed Jesus? Have you received him? Have you believed God’s word about salvation? Is the precious blood of Jesus splashed over your life? Are your sins covered by the blood of the Lamb? All you need do is acknowledge ‘yes, I am a sinner deserving of God’s just judgment. I need Christ’s blood applied to my account’.

The Consumption of the Lamb

But this is not the end of the story. Once the blood is applied outside, there can be peace inside. The blood is applied for protection, but the lamb is brought inside for fellowship.

Exodus 12:8 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts. 10 And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; anything that remains until the morning you shall burn.

Exodus 12:46 It shall be eaten in one house; you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house, and you shall not break any of its bones.

The lamb is to be properly prepared. Even the method of cooking is proscribed. The lamb is to be roasted with fire. The lamb is not to be watered down by boiling. It is not to be uncooked, but it is to go through the fire. Fire is a picture of God’s wrath against sin. Jesus, the Lamb of God, endured the fire of the wrath of his Father toward our sin. Many people want to water Jesus down and add their own ingredients and make him into a stew, but this is not God’s way. ‘Jesus is the main ingredient, but I’ve added my good works to the pot to make it taste better.’ You have diluted the Lamb and watered down the gospel. Many others will take part of Christ but not all of him. Many feel he is a good example to follow and a role model to aspire after, but when he claims to be the unique divine Son of God, equal with the Father, co-eternal with the Father, that is too much to swallow. Many feel that he was a great moral teacher but they become offended when he claims to be the only way to God. Many applaud when he takes the children on his knee, but cringe when he drives the moneychangers from the temple with a whip. Many appreciate his life and teachings, but would turn away in horror at his bloody crucifixion. Some would like him as a political leader but are not willing to admit that they are sinners in need of a substitute. Some would take him as a Savior who forgives but not as a King who commands. Some would honor him on one day but not allow him into their homes as Friend. We must have the whole Christ! Not a bone of him is to be broken. He is not to be dismembered and torn apart in a way that suits us! We are not at liberty to pick and choose which parts of Jesus are most palatable to us. Jesus must be kept intact. We must have all of him or none at all.

John 6:47 Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever believes has eternal life. 48 I am the bread of life. 49 Your fathers ate the manna in the wilderness, and they died. 50 This is the bread that comes down from heaven, so that one may eat of it and not die. 51 I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. And the bread that I will give for the life of the world is my flesh.” 52 The Jews then disputed among themselves, saying, “How can this man give us his flesh to eat?” 53 So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up on the last day. 55 For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. 56 Whoever feeds on my flesh and drinks my blood abides in me, and I in him. 57 As the living Father sent me, and I live because of the Father, so whoever feeds on me, he also will live because of me. 58 This is the bread that came down from heaven, not as the fathers ate and died. Whoever feeds on this bread will live forever.” … 60 When many of his disciples heard it, they said, “This is a hard saying; who can listen to it?” 61 But Jesus, knowing in himself that his disciples were grumbling about this, said to them, “Do you take offense at this? … 66 After this many of his disciples turned back and no longer walked with him. 67 So Jesus said to the Twelve, “Do you want to go away as well?” 68 Simon Peter answered him, “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life, 69 and we have believed, and have come to know, that you are the Holy One of God.”

We do not get to define Jesus as we like. We come to him as he is or not at all. Peter understood that, although many things Jesus said were hard to swallow, there was no other place to turn for eternal life. We must feed on him, and all of him. There are to be no left-overs.

The Manner of Eating the Lamb

The manner of eating the lamb is specified:

Exodus 12:11 In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD’s Passover.

God had promised deliverance from slavery. We are to eat expectantly. Eat in faith. Believe that God will do what he said he would do. Be ready to go. Be ready to be set free from sin. There is a sense of urgency here.

The Protection Provided by the Blood of the Lamb

The purpose of the passover is protection:

Exodus 12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt.

Exodus 12:22 …none of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. 23 For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians, and when he sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to strike you.

God is providing a way for all who would hear his voice and obey him to be spared. All are sinners and all deserve to die. But God himself provides a substitute. The blood is a sign that those inside have believed what he said and acted in faith. The blood of the lamb shielded those who were under the blood from the hand of judgment. God looks on the blood and his justice is satisfied. A substitute has been slaughtered. There can be safety and peace and sweet fellowship within.

Psalm 119:114 You are my hiding place and my shield; I hope in your word.

Psalm 57:1 Be merciful to me, O God, be merciful to me, for in you my soul takes refuge; in the shadow of your wings I will take refuge, till the storms of destruction pass by.

Colossians 3:3 For you have died, and your life is hidden with Christ in God.

Romans 8:1 There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.

Conclusion:

Jesus Christ is our Passover sacrificed for us! Jesus is to be shared with those around us. Jesus meets all the requirements to be a sufficient substitute. Jesus was thoroughly inspected and passed the test perfectly. Jesus bore our sins in his body on the tree. He took our place. Is the blood applied to you personally? Have you taken all of Christ? Are you enjoying the whole Jesus as he is in his glory? Are you enjoying the protection he provides? Are you enjoying sweet fellowship in him?

Behold the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! (Jn.1:29). Christ our passover lamb has been sacrificed (1Cor.5:7). You were ransomed… with the precious blood of Christ, like that of a lamb without blemish or spot (1Pet.1:18-19).

Revelation 5: 6 And between the throne and the four living creatures and among the elders I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, … 9 And they sang a new song, saying, “Worthy are you to take the scroll and to open its seals, for you were slain, and by your blood you ransomed people for God from every tribe and language and people and nation, 10 and you have made them a kingdom and priests to our God, and they shall reign on the earth.” …12 saying with a loud voice, “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and might and honor and glory and blessing!” 13 And I heard every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all that is in them, saying, “To him who sits on the throne and to the Lamb be blessing and honor and glory and might forever and ever!”

Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org

December 12, 2010 Posted by | Exodus, occasional, podcast | , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Exodus 12; Passover, a Forward-Looking Focus

http://www.ephraimbible.org/Sermons/20101205_exodus12.mp3

12/05 Exodus 12-13 A Forward Looking Focus

Forward-Looking Focus

I want to look at just one aspect of the passover celebration today. There is so much to learn here and we will come back and look at some of the other great things God has for us but today I want to focus on the forward looking focus of the passover. A main purpose of the passover and the feast of unleavened bread was to be a memorial to future generations. If Moses wrote the Torah to the generation of Israelites who were about to enter the land after their parents died off in the wilderness because of disobedience, then a major part of his intention would be to leave them with the instructions they would need to remain faithful to God, to remember the mighty acts of God on their behalf, and to enter in to the reality of their own relationship to God as his redeemed people.

We’ve already seen the forward looking purpose inherent in the mighty acts that God performed. He said at the outset in Exodus 3:15 when he revealed his character to Moses:

Exodus 3:15 God also said to Moses, “Say this to the people of Israel, ‘The LORD, the God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, has sent me to you.’ This is my name forever, and thus I am to be remembered throughout all generations.

In the eighth mighty act, God explicitly said:

Exodus10:1 Then the LORD said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, that I may show these signs of mine among them, 2 and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and of your grandson how I have dealt harshly with the Egyptians and what signs I have done among them, that you may know that I am the LORD.”

Now let’s look read the passage with this in mind and take note of how prominent this forward looking focus is.

12:1 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 “This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you. 3 Tell all the congregation of Israel that on the tenth day of this month every man shall take a lamb according to their fathers’ houses, a lamb for a household. 4 And if the household is too small for a lamb, then he and his nearest neighbor shall take according to the number of persons; according to what each can eat you shall make your count for the lamb. 5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male a year old. You may take it from the sheep or from the goats, 6 and you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of this month, when the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill their lambs at twilight. 7 “Then they shall take some of the blood and put it on the two doorposts and the lintel of the houses in which they eat it. 8 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs they shall eat it. 9 Do not eat any of it raw or boiled in water, but roasted, its head with its legs and its inner parts. 10 And you shall let none of it remain until the morning; anything that remains until the morning you shall burn. 11 In this manner you shall eat it: with your belt fastened, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. And you shall eat it in haste. It is the LORD’s Passover. 12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt that night, and I will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments: I am the LORD. 13 The blood shall be a sign for you, on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt. 14 “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the LORD; throughout your generations, as a statute forever, you shall keep it as a feast. 15 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. On the first day you shall remove leaven out of your houses, for if anyone eats what is leavened, from the first day until the seventh day, that person shall be cut off from Israel. 16 On the first day you shall hold a holy assembly, and on the seventh day a holy assembly. No work shall be done on those days. But what everyone needs to eat, that alone may be prepared by you. 17 And you shall observe the Feast of Unleavened Bread, for on this very day I brought your hosts out of the land of Egypt. Therefore you shall observe this day, throughout your generations, as a statute forever. 18 In the first month, from the fourteenth day of the month at evening, you shall eat unleavened bread until the twenty–first day of the month at evening. 19 For seven days no leaven is to be found in your houses. If anyone eats what is leavened, that person will be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he is a sojourner or a native of the land. 20 You shall eat nothing leavened; in all your dwelling places you shall eat unleavened bread.”

21 Then Moses called all the elders of Israel and said to them, “Go and select lambs for yourselves according to your clans, and kill the Passover lamb. 22 Take a bunch of hyssop and dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and touch the lintel and the two doorposts with the blood that is in the basin. None of you shall go out of the door of his house until the morning. 23 For the LORD will pass through to strike the Egyptians, and when he sees the blood on the lintel and on the two doorposts, the LORD will pass over the door and will not allow the destroyer to enter your houses to strike you. 24 You shall observe this rite as a statute for you and for your sons forever. 25 And when you come to the land that the LORD will give you, as he has promised, you shall keep this service. 26 And when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27 you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of the LORD’s Passover, for he passed over the houses of the people of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses.”’ And the people bowed their heads and worshiped. 28 Then the people of Israel went and did so; as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

29 At midnight the LORD struck down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh who sat on his throne to the firstborn of the captive who was in the dungeon, and all the firstborn of the livestock. 30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he and all his servants and all the Egyptians. And there was a great cry in Egypt, for there was not a house where someone was not dead. 31 Then he summoned Moses and Aaron by night and said, “Up, go out from among my people, both you and the people of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as you have said. 32 Take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone, and bless me also!” 33 The Egyptians were urgent with the people to send them out of the land in haste. For they said, “We shall all be dead.” 34 So the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneading bowls being bound up in their cloaks on their shoulders. 35 The people of Israel had also done as Moses told them, for they had asked the Egyptians for silver and gold jewelry and for clothing. 36 And the LORD had given the people favor in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they let them have what they asked. Thus they plundered the Egyptians.

37 And the people of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand men on foot, besides women and children. 38 A mixed multitude also went up with them, and very much livestock, both flocks and herds. 39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough that they had brought out of Egypt, for it was not leavened, because they were thrust out of Egypt and could not wait, nor had they prepared any provisions for themselves. 40 The time that the people of Israel lived in Egypt was 430 years. 41 At the end of 430 years, on that very day, all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. 42 It was a night of watching by the LORD, to bring them out of the land of Egypt; so this same night is a night of watching kept to the LORD by all the people of Israel throughout their generations.

43 And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat of it, 44 but every slave that is bought for money may eat of it after you have circumcised him. 45 No foreigner or hired servant may eat of it. 46 It shall be eaten in one house; you shall not take any of the flesh outside the house, and you shall not break any of its bones. 47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. 48 If a stranger shall sojourn with you and would keep the Passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised. Then he may come near and keep it; he shall be as a native of the land. But no uncircumcised person shall eat of it. 49 There shall be one law for the native and for the stranger who sojourns among you.” 50 All the people of Israel did just as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron. 51 And on that very day the LORD brought the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their hosts.

13:1 The LORD said to Moses, 2 “Consecrate to me all the firstborn. Whatever is the first to open the womb among the people of Israel, both of man and of beast, is mine.” 3 Then Moses said to the people, “Remember this day in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of slavery, for by a strong hand the LORD brought you out from this place. No leavened bread shall be eaten. 4 Today, in the month of Abib, you are going out. 5 And when the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he swore to your fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, you shall keep this service in this month. 6 Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, and on the seventh day there shall be a feast to the LORD. 7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten for seven days; no leavened bread shall be seen with you, and no leaven shall be seen with you in all your territory. 8 You shall tell your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 And it shall be to you as a sign on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the law of the LORD may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand the LORD has brought you out of Egypt. 10 You shall therefore keep this statute at its appointed time from year to year.

11 “When the LORD brings you into the land of the Canaanites, as he swore to you and your fathers, and shall give it to you, 12 you shall set apart to the LORD all that first opens the womb. All the firstborn of your animals that are males shall be the LORD’s. 13 Every firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. Every firstborn of man among your sons you shall redeem. 14 And when in time to come your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ you shall say to him, ‘By a strong hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, from the house of slavery. 15 For when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of animals. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all the males that first open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ 16 It shall be as a mark on your hand or frontlets between your eyes, for by a strong hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt.”

Do you see how central and how intentional this purpose to pass on to the coming generations the knowledge of the LORD is? God’s intention in the exodus is:

…that you may tell in the hearing of your son and of your grandson how I have dealt harshly with the Egyptians and what signs I have done among them, that you may know that I am the LORD.” (Exodus 10:2)

Intended for Future Generations

God intends to put his greatness on display once for all, to demonstrate his superiority over every other so-called god, and to be known personally by all his people throughout all generations.

From the fast pace of the narrative, it appears that much of these instructions were not intended for the original exodus event. The seven day feast of unleavened bread that continued after the passover event was simply by necessity as the people were on the run and had no time for the luxury of letting their bread rise. But the prohibition of having leaven in your houses for seven days was clearly intended for the Israelites after they had settled in the land and had houses. In fact three times we hear that the instructions are to be followed ‘when the LORD brings you into the land’. The holy assembly on the first day and on the seventh day seems to be instruction on how to memorialize and celebrate the history, not instructions for the exodus event itself. Five times we are told that this is to be ‘observed throughout your generations as a statute forever’ (or similar wording). Three times we are told what to say to our children to explain why we celebrate the way we do. We are not told whether the exodus generation had a four day advance notice to select and observe the lamb before the night of passover. Maybe they did, but the urgency of the narrative implies that this too is primarily intended for future generations. Twice we are told that these celebrations are intended to serve as a note written on the back of your hand or a post-it not stuck to your forehead to serve as a constant in-your-face reminder.

Gracious Object Lessons

God is gracious in his instruction to us. He doesn’t tell us ‘memorize this list of propositions and recite these syllogisms’. He gives us an engaging story and tangible object lessons that we can touch and taste and smell. God is not interested merely that we get our facts and our theology straight. God wants us to know him, to experience him, to be in relation with him. God is real, and each generation must experience his reality for themselves. A special day, a special meal, a special lamb, a unique time and an unique way. It is a feast day, a memorial day, a permanent ordinance. It is costly – a sacrifice, service or labor. It is a vigil or a night of watching. It is a time to remember. And it is a time for telling.

12:26 And when your children say to you, ‘What do you mean by this service?’ 27 you shall say, ‘It is the sacrifice of the LORD’s Passover, for he passed over the houses of the people of Israel in Egypt, when he struck the Egyptians but spared our houses.”’

13:8 You shall tell your son on that day, ‘It is because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt.’ 9 And it shall be to you as a sign on your hand and as a memorial between your eyes, that the law of the LORD may be in your mouth. For with a strong hand the LORD has brought you out of Egypt. 10 You shall therefore keep this statute at its appointed time from year to year.

13:14 And when in time to come your son asks you, ‘What does this mean?’ you shall say to him, ‘By a strong hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt, from the house of slavery. 15 For when Pharaoh stubbornly refused to let us go, the LORD killed all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man and the firstborn of animals. Therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all the males that first open the womb, but all the firstborn of my sons I redeem.’ 16 It shall be as a mark on your hand or frontlets between your eyes, for by a strong hand the LORD brought us out of Egypt.”

It’s Personal!

Notice how personal this is. Tell them that he spared our houses. It is because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt. Remember, the people who will be telling this to their children were themselves children during the days of wilderness wanderings after the exodus. Many were probably born in the desert. It was their parents who experienced the bondage of slavery in Egypt and experienced first hand the strong hand of the LORD in bringing them out of Egypt. But this next generation is to own the experiences of their fathers. It must be personal experience for each successive generation. They are not to say ‘my parents or my grandparents or my great-grandparents were slaves in Egypt and God brought them out’. Instead we are to say ‘It is because of what the LORD did for me when I came out of Egypt’. Each individual must experience the strong hand of the LORD in deliverance personally. I was in bondage in the house of slavery. The LORD brought me out by his awesome deeds.

Only Seven?

Unfortunately there are only seven instances recorded in the hundreds of years of history of the Jewish nation that the passover was kept. Most likely the celebration was kept many times that were not recorded, but is appears that Israel missed out more often than not on this wonderful teaching opportunity. The first recorded keeping of the passover is obviously here in this chapter at its inception

12:27 …And the people bowed their heads and worshiped. 28 Then the people of Israel went and did so; as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so they did.

One year later, at Mount Sinai, we are told in Numbers 9:1-14 that the people kept the passover.

The next recorded instance is 40 years later, in Joshua 5:10, after this next generation entered the land.

We don’t hear of it again until the time of Hezekiah (715-686 BC) 2 Chronicles 30:1-31:1. It says:

2 Chronicles 30:5 So they decreed to make a proclamation throughout all Israel, from Beersheba to Dan, that the people should come and keep the Passover to the LORD, the God of Israel, at Jerusalem, for they had not kept it as often as prescribed.

Again under Josiah (640-609 BC) in 2 Kings 23:21-23; 2 Chronicles 35:1-19. We are told

2 Kings 23:22 For no such Passover had been kept since the days of the judges who judged Israel, or during all the days of the kings of Israel or of the kings of Judah.

2 Chronicles 35:18 No Passover like it had been kept in Israel since the days of Samuel the prophet. None of the kings of Israel had kept such a Passover as was kept by Josiah, and the priests and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel who were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

The final record in the Old Testament of the Passover celebration is found in Ezra 6:19-22 -after the return from Babylonian exile and rebuilding of temple (516 BC). What was intended to be a constant reminder and an opportunity for instruction was for the most part carelessly neglected.

The final time we see this meal celebrated is in the synoptic Gospels (Matthew 26; Mark 14; Luke 22), where Jesus takes the Passover meal and changes it from lamb and bitter herbs to broken bread and poured out wine – to be done not in remembrance of the Exodus from Egypt, but in remembrance of him.

Luke 22:15 And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”

Luke 22:19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.

Transformation of Time

Notice that this section in Exodus begins with God changing the calendar.

2:1 The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, 2 “This month shall be for you the beginning of months. It shall be the first month of the year for you.

God changed the way the people calculated time. Instead of life being scheduled around the agricultural calendar, God intended that his people transform the way they measure time around his redemptive acts. God is proclaiming a New Year celebration. God, who makes all things new (Revelation 21:5), declares the month of the exodus to be the month of the new year. I want you to measure time in relation to my mighty saving acts. This was not the last time the calendar changed because of what God had done. Our entire system of calculating years revolves around our Lord Jesus Christ! This is A.D. – Anno Domini – the year of our Lord. We gather together to worship on the first day of the week because we worship a resurrected Jesus who appeared alive on the first day of the week. Jesus transforms everything!

Does my life revolve around God’s mighty acts that he has done for me? Does my schedule revolve around my Lord Jesus Christ? Am I seizing every opportunity to teach my kids and anyone that will listen about what Jesus has done for me?

Pastor Rodney Zedicher ~ Ephraim Church of the Bible ~ www.ephraimbible.org

December 5, 2010 Posted by | Exodus, podcast | , , , , , , , | Leave a comment